Understanding Supplementation      

Raw meat, fish and eggs provide essential amino acids/protein, enzymes, antioxidants, Vitamins A, C, D, E, K, B1, B2, B3,  B5, B6, B12, biotin, choline, folic acid, inositol, iodine, pantothenic acid, paba, fatty acids, caldium, phosphorus, magnesium,  iron, potassium, chromium, copper, manganese, selenium, sodium, sulfur, vanadium, zinc and CoQ10.

Raw veggies provide enzymes, antioxidants, betacarotene, carbohydrates, fiber, phytochemicals, Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, C, D, E, K, boron, choline, folic acid, inositol, iodine, paba, pantothenic acid, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, iodine,  magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, sodium, sulfur and selenium.

Because of this, we don't supplement with many additional items.  Below are the supplements that we do add to our dog's daily diets.  If you are looking to purchase  supplements, please use the "Additional Links" link to the left.

Vitamin C
If you are only going to add one thing to your dog's existing diet, make it vitamin C.  And more specifically, Esther C.   Vitamin C is an immune booster and Ester C is a buffered form of Vitamin C, which is easier on the stomach than regular C (ascorbic acid).   We give approx 500 mg of Esther C twice daily to our Rottweilers.  Vitamin C is water soluable, meaning that the body will dispose of what it does not use.  If you are finding loose or watery stools, cut back on Vitamin C until they are firm again.  This is your dog's optimal dosage.  Vitamin C is particularly helpful during times of stress.

Vitamin E
We only supplement our breeding dogs with Vitamin E.  It is used for its' antioxidant properties.  Vitamin E is not water soluable and you CAN cause problems by over-supplementing.  We supplement with vitamin E only in active breeding dogs.

Kelp contains vitamins A, B1, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, C and E, plus zinc, viotin, bromine, calcium, choline, copper, inositol, iodine,  PABA, potassium, selenium, sodium and sulfur. Its iodine content is very good for glands and organs, especially the thyroid  and liver.

Essential Fatty Acids (Oils)
Wild Salmon, Hemp or Canola oils, as well as eggs are a good source of the omega-3 fatty acids. Fatty Acids play a vital role in establishing a healthy lipid barrier in the skin to block irritants and infections.  Remember that oils need to be kept refrigerated.  The general consensus is that rotating oils provides the best results.  You will note that we previously listed Flaxseed oil, however, we have changed this, as we find it the least well tolerated by our dogs.

Apple Cider Vinegar
Of the 22 minerals essential for health, apple cider vinegar contains 19 in exactly the right amounts.  Included are potassium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, sulphur, iron, copper, silicon and pectin. ACV also contains natural malic and tartaric acids which are important in fighting body toxins and inhibiting unfriendly bacteria.  There are claims that the additional acidity of ACV helps the digestion process. 

We include a pinch of fresh garlic in our dog's morning meals.  Garlic helps to enhance overall health and is a natural antibiotic, while also serving to keep both internal and external parasites away.  There are varied theories about feeding garlic.  We do use it, but have found that, in breeding bitches, it is beneficial to take them off of the garlic prior to breeding and whelping.

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria which are already present in a healthy intestinal system.  Supplemental use yogurt can help re-establish normal intestinal function.  Yogurt is expecially useful during times of stress which includes diet change.  It is also believed that Yogurt has immune boosting properties.

A Note about Calcium
It is our feeling that a large breed dog (especially puppies) should never be supplemented with artificial calcium.  This is because it is crucial that calcium is in the proper ratio with phosphorus.  Supplementing with calcium offen sends the body into imbalance.  In the case where it has been determined that a dog does indeed need calcium supplementation, we suggest eggshells.  Save your eggshells and  crumble over food.